Homo Sapiens
MLH1 - MutL Homolog 1
Alias:
FCC2
COCA2
HNPCC
MLH-1
hMLH1
HNPCC2
LYNCH2
MMRCS1
Cancer-related genes
Human disease related genes
Plasma proteins
Basic Information
Sequence Homology
Disease & Mutation
Transcripts & Proteins
Gene Expression
Protein Interaction
Drugs
References
Basic Information
The protein encoded by this gene can heterodimerize with mismatch repair endonuclease PMS2 to form MutL alpha, part of the DNA mismatch repair system. When MutL alpha is bound by MutS beta and some accessory proteins, the PMS2 subunit of MutL alpha introduces a single-strand break near DNA mismatches, providing an entry point for exonuclease degradation. The encoded protein is also involved in DNA damage signaling and can heterodimerize with DNA mismatch repair protein MLH3 to form MutL gamma, which is involved in meiosis. This gene was identified as a locus frequently mutated in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2017]
Basic Information
NCBI
Transcripts
Exons
Length
MW (kDa)
Mutations
Related Diseases
Related Models
Reference
28
24
57381 bp
84.60
4815
10
22
107
MLH1 Genetics information (Positive Sense)
- Chr
Sequence Homology
Humans, mice, and rats have highly similar genes, making them important for disease research and drug development. By studying their gene relationships, researchers can develop effective treatments for both humans and animals. Gene homology among these organisms allows for the translation of animal experimental results to humans, improving disease treatment and prevention.
Orthologs:
No Orthologs
Disease & Mutation
The fundamental building blocks of an organism's genetic code are its genes. The biological qualities and functions are determined by the genetic instructions they contain. On the other hand, genetic mutations, or differences in their sequence, can result in aberrant protein activity, which impacts cellular function and eventually causes illness. Consequently, thorough investigation into the connection between genetic abnormalities and illnesses is essential for both therapy and prevention. Knowing the genetic abnormalities causing certain diseases can aid in the development of targeted therapies, enhance patients' quality of life, and perhaps lead to the disease's cure.
#
Disease
Anatomical category
Score
Count
No data available
Transcripts & Proteins
Transcripts are RNA molecules that are created during DNA transcription, and the translation products of these transcripts are proteins that serve numerous roles in the body. Transcripts and proteins are both important in biological research. The research of transcripts can help us uncover the subtle links between genes and illnesses, whereas the study of proteins can help us understand the processes of cellular function and disease etiology, as well as give prospective treatment targets.
Table View
Tile View
#
Transcript
Length(nt)
Exon count
CDS(bp)
Protein
Length(aa)
No data available
* This data comes from NCBI.
Gene Expression
The level of gene activity in a particular tissue or cell can be identified by its expression. Understanding the physiological processes and disease causes of organisms depends heavily on the specificity of gene expression levels in various tissues or cells. A thorough examination of the tissue and cell specificity of gene expression will contribute to the understanding of the genetic basis of disease and offer novel approaches to both prevent and cure disease.
Tissue-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Cell-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Protein Interaction
Protein-protein interaction is when two or more proteins bind together to perform their functions. It plays a vital role in most biochemical processes, such as signal molecules transmitting signals between cells. Molecular machines within the cells perform important functions through protein-protein interactions.
Acting
Regulation
Detail
Mechanism
Target
Residues
Reference
Score
No data available
Drugs
Gene target medications are a novel form of treatment that can alter genes or proteins while also blocking disease processes. It precisely detects and chooses target proteins in order to induce therapeutic effects. Target medications are categorized into several groups based on disease causes and molecular foundation, and numerous ways are employed to treat illnesses.
Name
CAS Number
Status
Phase
Group
Mechanism of Action
Link
No data available
References
Within the biological sciences, gene-related research literature is a valuable and essential resource. They meticulously document the composition, operation, and interaction of genes, giving us important hints to solve the enigmas surrounding life.
Title
PMID
Journal
Year
IF
No Data Found!
Comparison
BioGPT