Homo Sapiens
AKT1 - AKT Serine/threonine Kinase 1
Alias:
AKT
PKB
RAC
PRKBA
PKB-ALPHA
RAC-ALPHA
Cancer-related genes
Enzymes
Human disease related genes
Potential drug targets
RAS pathway related proteins
Transporters
Basic Information
Sequence Homology
Disease & Mutation
Transcripts & Proteins
Gene Expression
Protein Interaction
Drugs
References
Basic Information
This gene encodes one of the three members of the human AKT serine-threonine protein kinase family which are often referred to as protein kinase B alpha, beta, and gamma. These highly similar AKT proteins all have an N-terminal pleckstrin homology domain, a serine/threonine-specific kinase domain and a C-terminal regulatory domain. These proteins are phosphorylated by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). AKT/PI3K forms a key component of many signalling pathways that involve the binding of membrane-bound ligands such as receptor tyrosine kinases, G-protein coupled receptors, and integrin-linked kinase. These AKT proteins therefore regulate a wide variety of cellular functions including cell proliferation, survival, metabolism, and angiogenesis in both normal and malignant cells. AKT proteins are recruited to the cell membrane by phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3) after phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by PI3K. Subsequent phosphorylation of both threonine residue 308 and serine residue 473 is required for full activation of the AKT1 protein encoded by this gene. Phosphorylation of additional residues also occurs, for example, in response to insulin growth factor-1 and epidermal growth factor. Protein phosphatases act as negative regulators of AKT proteins by dephosphorylating AKT or PIP3. The PI3K/AKT signalling pathway is crucial for tumor cell survival. Survival factors can suppress apoptosis in a transcription-independent manner by activating AKT1 which then phosphorylates and inactivates components of the apoptotic machinery. AKT proteins also participate in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway which controls the assembly of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4F (eIF4E) complex and this pathway, in addition to responding to extracellular signals from growth factors and cytokines, is disregulated in many cancers. Mutations in this gene are associated with multiple types of cancer and excessive tissue growth including Proteus syndrome and Cowden syndrome 6, and breast, colorectal, and ovarian cancers. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2020]
Basic Information
NCBI
Transcripts
Exons
Length
MW (kDa)
Mutations
Related Diseases
Related Models
Reference
14
17
26400 bp
55.69
648
8
37
97
AKT1 Genetics information (Negative Sense)
- Chr
Sequence Homology
Humans, mice, and rats have highly similar genes, making them important for disease research and drug development. By studying their gene relationships, researchers can develop effective treatments for both humans and animals. Gene homology among these organisms allows for the translation of animal experimental results to humans, improving disease treatment and prevention.
Orthologs:
No Orthologs
Disease & Mutation
The fundamental building blocks of an organism's genetic code are its genes. The biological qualities and functions are determined by the genetic instructions they contain. On the other hand, genetic mutations, or differences in their sequence, can result in aberrant protein activity, which impacts cellular function and eventually causes illness. Consequently, thorough investigation into the connection between genetic abnormalities and illnesses is essential for both therapy and prevention. Knowing the genetic abnormalities causing certain diseases can aid in the development of targeted therapies, enhance patients' quality of life, and perhaps lead to the disease's cure.
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Disease
Anatomical category
Score
Count
No data available
Transcripts & Proteins
Transcripts are RNA molecules that are created during DNA transcription, and the translation products of these transcripts are proteins that serve numerous roles in the body. Transcripts and proteins are both important in biological research. The research of transcripts can help us uncover the subtle links between genes and illnesses, whereas the study of proteins can help us understand the processes of cellular function and disease etiology, as well as give prospective treatment targets.
Table View
Tile View
#
Transcript
Length(nt)
Exon count
CDS(bp)
Protein
Length(aa)
No data available
* This data comes from NCBI.
Gene Expression
The level of gene activity in a particular tissue or cell can be identified by its expression. Understanding the physiological processes and disease causes of organisms depends heavily on the specificity of gene expression levels in various tissues or cells. A thorough examination of the tissue and cell specificity of gene expression will contribute to the understanding of the genetic basis of disease and offer novel approaches to both prevent and cure disease.
Tissue-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Cell-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Protein Interaction
Protein-protein interaction is when two or more proteins bind together to perform their functions. It plays a vital role in most biochemical processes, such as signal molecules transmitting signals between cells. Molecular machines within the cells perform important functions through protein-protein interactions.
Acting
Regulation
Detail
Mechanism
Target
Residues
Reference
Score
No data available
Drugs
Gene target medications are a novel form of treatment that can alter genes or proteins while also blocking disease processes. It precisely detects and chooses target proteins in order to induce therapeutic effects. Target medications are categorized into several groups based on disease causes and molecular foundation, and numerous ways are employed to treat illnesses.
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CAS Number
Status
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Mechanism of Action
Link
No data available
References
Within the biological sciences, gene-related research literature is a valuable and essential resource. They meticulously document the composition, operation, and interaction of genes, giving us important hints to solve the enigmas surrounding life.
Title
PMID
Journal
Year
IF
No Data Found!
Comparison
BioGPT