Homo Sapiens
SMN2 - Survival Of Motor Neuron 2, Centromeric
Alias:
SMNC
BCD541
GEMIN1
TDRD16B
C-BCD541
FDA approved drug targets
Human disease related genes
Basic Information
Sequence Homology
Disease & Mutation
Transcripts & Proteins
Gene Expression
Protein Interaction
Drugs
References
Basic Information
This gene is part of a 500 kb inverted duplication on chromosome 5q13. This duplicated region contains at least four genes and repetitive elements which make it prone to rearrangements and deletions. The repetitiveness and complexity of the sequence have also caused difficulty in determining the organization of this genomic region. The telomeric and centromeric copies of this gene are nearly identical and encode the same protein. While mutations in the telomeric copy are associated with spinal muscular atrophy, mutations in this gene, the centromeric copy, do not lead to disease. This gene may be a modifier of disease caused by mutation in the telomeric copy. The critical sequence difference between the two genes is a single nucleotide in exon 7, which is thought to be an exon splice enhancer. Note that the nine exons of both the telomeric and centromeric copies are designated historically as exon 1, 2a, 2b, and 3-8. It is thought that gene conversion events may involve the two genes, leading to varying copy numbers of each gene. The full length protein encoded by this gene localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. Within the nucleus, the protein localizes to subnuclear bodies called gems which are found near coiled bodies containing high concentrations of small ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). This protein forms heteromeric complexes with proteins such as SIP1 and GEMIN4, and also interacts with several proteins known to be involved in the biogenesis of snRNPs, such as hnRNP U protein and the small nucleolar RNA binding protein. Four transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2008]
Basic Information
NCBI
Transcripts
Exons
Length
MW (kDa)
Mutations
Related Diseases
Related Models
Reference
14
11
41006 bp
31.85
7
4
26
69
SMN2 Genetics information (Positive Sense)
- Chr
Sequence Homology
Humans, mice, and rats have highly similar genes, making them important for disease research and drug development. By studying their gene relationships, researchers can develop effective treatments for both humans and animals. Gene homology among these organisms allows for the translation of animal experimental results to humans, improving disease treatment and prevention.
Orthologs:
No Orthologs
Disease & Mutation
The fundamental building blocks of an organism's genetic code are its genes. The biological qualities and functions are determined by the genetic instructions they contain. On the other hand, genetic mutations, or differences in their sequence, can result in aberrant protein activity, which impacts cellular function and eventually causes illness. Consequently, thorough investigation into the connection between genetic abnormalities and illnesses is essential for both therapy and prevention. Knowing the genetic abnormalities causing certain diseases can aid in the development of targeted therapies, enhance patients' quality of life, and perhaps lead to the disease's cure.
#
Disease
Anatomical category
Score
Count
No data available
Transcripts & Proteins
Transcripts are RNA molecules that are created during DNA transcription, and the translation products of these transcripts are proteins that serve numerous roles in the body. Transcripts and proteins are both important in biological research. The research of transcripts can help us uncover the subtle links between genes and illnesses, whereas the study of proteins can help us understand the processes of cellular function and disease etiology, as well as give prospective treatment targets.
Table View
Tile View
#
Transcript
Length(nt)
Exon count
CDS(bp)
Protein
Length(aa)
No data available
* This data comes from NCBI.
Gene Expression
The level of gene activity in a particular tissue or cell can be identified by its expression. Understanding the physiological processes and disease causes of organisms depends heavily on the specificity of gene expression levels in various tissues or cells. A thorough examination of the tissue and cell specificity of gene expression will contribute to the understanding of the genetic basis of disease and offer novel approaches to both prevent and cure disease.
Tissue-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Cell-specific RNA expression
Organ
Expression
Alphabetical
Protein Interaction
Protein-protein interaction is when two or more proteins bind together to perform their functions. It plays a vital role in most biochemical processes, such as signal molecules transmitting signals between cells. Molecular machines within the cells perform important functions through protein-protein interactions.
Acting
Regulation
Detail
Mechanism
Target
Residues
Reference
Score
No data available
Drugs
Gene target medications are a novel form of treatment that can alter genes or proteins while also blocking disease processes. It precisely detects and chooses target proteins in order to induce therapeutic effects. Target medications are categorized into several groups based on disease causes and molecular foundation, and numerous ways are employed to treat illnesses.
Name
CAS Number
Status
Phase
Group
Mechanism of Action
Link
No data available
References
Within the biological sciences, gene-related research literature is a valuable and essential resource. They meticulously document the composition, operation, and interaction of genes, giving us important hints to solve the enigmas surrounding life.
Title
PMID
Journal
Year
IF
No Data Found!
Comparison
BioGPT